Chien-Chi Chang
張乾琦

Primarily using photography as his artistic medium, Chien-Chi Chang (b.1961) explores alienation and connection between people in contemporary society by developing long-term, interactive relationships with the subjects. In his earlier, well-known series The Chain (1993-1999) which was exhibited at the Taiwan Pavilion of the Venice Biennale in 2001 and the Bienal de São Paulo in 2002, Chang creates life-sized portraits of patients at Taiwan's Long Fa Temple psychiatric hospital. His 2002 series I do I do I do exposes subtle societal factors that underpin marriage using a photo album format. In his 2004-2011 series Double Happiness, Chang uses a straight-forward format to document the marriage brokerage process used by Vietnamese brides and Taiwanese grooms.

Starting in 1992, Chang became interested in themes related to the dispersion of individuals or families from their homeland, and in the 20 years hence, followed the lives of illegal immigrants in New York City's Chinatown who left China as a matter of survival. Entitled China Town and still in progress, the series was exhibited in the artist's mid-career survey Doubleness at the National Museum of Singapore in 2008, and at the Taiwan Pavilion of the Venice Biennale in 2009. In 2007, Chang travelled with North Korean defectors from Northeast China to Thailand, documenting their lives for his work Escape from North Korea, which won the Canadian AnthropoGraphia Award for Human Rights in 2011. In recent years Chang has expanded his medium to include sound and the moving images, which has enriched his photography-based narratives with additional, multiple elements.

Chang received his bachelor's degree from Soochow University in 1984, and his master's from Indiana University in 1990. He began a professional career as a photojournalist in 1991, and has worked for both the Seattle Times and the Baltimore Sun. He joined the world famous photographic cooperative Magnum Photos in 1995 and became a full member in 2001.

張乾琦(Chien-Chi Chang),1961年生於臺灣台中。1990年於印地安納大學取得碩士學位,目前居住及創作於奧地利格拉茲和台北。1991年進入Seattle Times 和 Baltimore Sun 報社開始紀實攝影生涯,2001年正式成為馬格蘭攝影通訊社會員。張乾琦作品呈現一貫的人道關懷與對社會不公不義的批判,代表性作品《鍊》(The Chain, 1993-1999) 是一系列真人大小的肖像攝影,被攝者是一群精神病患,他們如同作品名稱被非法地鏈在一起。該作品曾於威尼斯雙年展 (2001) 及聖保羅雙年展 (2002) 展出。《我願意》(I do I do I do, 2001) 是對臺灣婚紗產業的深思,《囍》(Double Happiness, 2004-2011) 則是關於販售越南新娘到臺灣的殘酷寫照。張乾琦長期探索人與人之間的紐帶關係,透過與被攝對象長期交流互動,呈現當代社會中人與人之間深刻的聯繫與隔閡。自1992年著手進行的《China Town》(1992-2011),紀錄一段段交織於兩地的家庭:紐約唐人街的福建移民與中國留守者。《China Town》系列曾於新加坡國家美術館 (2008)、威尼斯雙年展臺灣館 (2009) 以及紐約國際攝影中心 (2012) 展出。2007年張乾琦跟隨一群北韓逃亡者從中國東北偷渡到泰國,完成了紀錄脫北者生活的作品《脫北者》(Escape From North Korea, 2007-2011),並獲頒加拿大 AnthropoGraphia Award 人權攝影奬 (2011)。